Charles Darwins Biography:



Charles Darwin was born February 12th, 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. His father was Robert Waring Darwin, a distinguished physician and his mother was the daughter of Josiah Wedgewood. He attended Shrewsbury School, where he was a bright young student. The Headmaster, Dr. Samuel Bulter knew Darwin was destined for greatness. At age 16, he was sent to study medicine at the University of Edinburgh. While at university he became friends with zoologist Robert Grant, who introduced Darwin to the study marine animals, this sparked Darwin's interest in the history of the Earth. He transferred to the University of Cambridge, leaving behind medicine to study divinity. He socialized by hunting, riding, shooting and sporting with his friends. Cambridge did not offer a natural sciences degree at the time, but Darwin's cousin, William Darwin Fox introduced Darwin to a ring on scientists at Cambridge. This is where Darwin was introduced to cleric botanist John Stevens Henslow. Henslow recommended Darwin to sail the HSM Beagle, travelling to the Canary Islands from 1831-36, this is where he found evidence of Natural Selection. In 1859 he officially published The Origin of Species. Darwin was a religious man, and many thought Darwin contradicting the Church. Darwin published many other books and brochures, but the other famous book he wrote was The Descent of Man (1871). Darwin didn't need to worry about money, thanks to Robert Darwin. He knew he couldn't become a clergy man and he didn't want to be single. He proposed to his first cousin Emma Wedgwood and married in 1839. Together, they had ten children, three died before they were ten years old. The Darwin's first house together was in London, but because of Charles' health, they moved just outside of London to the village of Downe. Charles Darwin died April 19th 1882 of a heart attack. He will be forever known as the naturalist who came up with the theory of evolution.